Из каких материалов изготавливают линолиум

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Прежде чем приобретать понравившийся вид покрытия для пола, будет правильным поинтересоваться его составом и экологической безопасностью. Не все виды линолеума, попадающие на рынок, являются безопасными, особенно если производитель товара неизвестен.

ПВХ покрытия для пола

Наиболее распространенный вид линолеума для пола изготавливается из поливинилхлоридного полимера, фото. На ощупь материал кажется достаточно прочным и жестким, но при желании поверхность достаточно легко продавить острым предметом, например, отточенным карандашом или шариковой ручкой.

Для улучшения тепло и звукоизолирующих характеристик полимерный слой может дополняться тканевой основой с утеплителем из войлока или вспененного полиэтилена. При выкраивании покрытия перед укладкой на пол обязательно оставляют усадочные припуски, по 3-4 мм на каждый метр ширины или длины полотна.

Алкидные и натуральные линолеумы

Из всех видов линолеумов для пола алкидные марки считаются наиболее простыми и дешевыми. Технология изготовления такого материала похожа на производство защитных пленок и клеенчатых полотен. Глифталевую смолу раздавливают валками в тонкое полотно, одновременно наносят рисунок и наклеивают основание.

Глифталевое покрытие для пола практически всегда выпускается с войлочной или тканевой подкладкой, так как сама полимерная пленка достаточно тонкая и эластичная. Алкидный полимер легко отличить от ПВХ или коммерческого вида по желтоватому оттенку среза и высокой эластичности, практически, как у резины.

Натуральные виды линолеума изготавливаются из природных смол, каучука, наполнителей из джута и древесных волокон. Стоимость такого покрытия сравнима с наиболее дорогими видами ламината.

Нитроцеллюлозные и каучуксодержащие линолеумные покрытия

Коллоксилин или динитроцеллюлоза в настоящее время для изготовления напольных материалов применяются достаточно ограниченно из-за высокой пожарной безопасности и регулярного выпотевания химических веществ – растворителей и смягчителей. Такие линолеумы используются в помещениях с влажной, запыленной атмосферой. Как и полиуретан, коллоксилин обладает низкой чувствительностью к абразивному износу, контактному давлению и перепадам температур.

Резиновые или каучуксодержащие напольные линолеумные покрытия используют в производственных помещениях и технологических объектах. Даже при сильном увлажнении и загрязнении такой материал сохраняет теплоизолирующие и противоскользящие характеристики. В домашних условиях такой линолеум применяется для укладки полов в подсобках, гаражах, складских помещениях.

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